Innovation Systems

Nelson, R. R. (1993). National Innovation Systems: A Comparative Analysis: A Comparative Analysis. Oxford University Press.

Lundvall, B.-Å. (2010). National Systems of Innovation: Toward a Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning. Anthem Press.

Edquist, C. (2006). Systems of Innovation: Perspectives and Challenges. In J. Fagerberg, D. C. Mowery, & R. R. Nelson (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Innovation. Retrieved from

Lundvall, B.-Å. (2007). National Innovation Systems—Analytical Concept and Development Tool. Industry and Innovation, 14(1), 95–119.

Carlsson, B., Jacobsson, S., Holmén, M., & Rickne, A. (2002). Innovation systems: analytical and methodological issues. Research Policy, 31(2), 233–245.

Lundvall, B.-Å., Johnson, B., Andersen, E. S., & Dalum, B. (2002). National systems of production, innovation and competence building. Research Policy, 31(2), 213–231.

Nelson, R. R., & Nelson, K. (2002). Technology, institutions, and innovation systems. Research Policy, 31(2), 265–272.


Lundvall, B.-Å., Joseph, K. J., Chaminade, C., & Vang, J. (2009). Handbook of Innovation Systems and Developing Countries: Building Domestic Capabilities in a Global Setting. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Arocena, R., & Sutz, J. (2002). Innovation Systems and Developing Countries (No. 02–05). Retrieved from DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies website:

Kraemer-Mbula, E., & Watu, W. (2010). Innovation and the Development Agenda. OECD Publishing. Retrieved from

Foster, C., & Heeks, R. (2013). Conceptualising Inclusive Innovation: Modifying Systems of Innovation Frameworks to Understand Diffusion of New Technology to Low-Income Consumers. European Journal of Development Research, 25(3), 333–355.

Iizuka, M. (2013). Innovation systems framework: still useful in the new global context? (UNU-MERIT Working Paper Series No. 005). Retrieved from United Nations University, Maastricht Economic and social Research and training centre on Innovation and Technology website:

Malerba, F. (2002). Sectoral systems of innovation and production. Research Policy, 31(2), 247–264.

Breschi, S., & Malerba, F. (1997). Sectoral innovation systems: technological regimes, Schumpeterian dynamics, and spatial boundaries. Systems of Innovation: Technologies, Institutions and Organizations, 130–156–130–156.

Joseph, K. J. (2009). Sectoral Innovation Systems in Developing Countries: The Case of ICT in India. In B.-Å. Lundvall, C. Chaminade, & J. Vang (Eds.), Handbook of Innovation Systems and Developing Countries: Building Domestic Capabilities in a Global Setting (pp. 291–341). Edward Elgar Publishing.

Geels, F. W. (2004). From sectoral systems of innovation to socio-technical systems: Insights about dynamics and change from sociology and institutional theory. Research Policy, 33(6–7), 897–920.

Geels, F. W. (2002). Technological transitions as evolutionary reconfiguration processes: a multi-level perspective and a case-study. Research Policy, 31(8–9), 1257–1274.

Geels, F. W. (2005). Processes and patterns in transitions and system innovations: Refining the co-evolutionary multi-level perspective. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 72(6), 681–696.

Geels, F. W., & Schot, J. (2007). Typology of sociotechnical transition pathways. Research Policy, 36(3), 399–417.


Grin, J., Rotmans, J., & Schot, J. (2011). Transitions to Sustainable Development: New Directions in the Study of Long Term Transformative Change (1 edition). New York: Routledge.

Hansen, U. E., Nygaard, I., Romijn, H., Wieczorek, A., Kamp, L. M., & Klerkx, L. (2017). Sustainability transitions in developing countries: Stocktaking, new contributions and a research agenda. Environmental Science & Policy.